EVIDENCE | Forced labor, child labor, and/or human trafficking in seafood
U.S. Department of Labor
2022 List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
|Evidence of forced labor in fish goods.
U.S. Department of Labor
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
|Not profiled in report
U.S. Department of State
2022 Trafficking in Persons Report
|Evidence of trafficking in the fishing sector. Fishermen have experienced non- or under-payment of wages, long working hours, physical abuse, lack of food or medical care, denial of sleep, substandard safety equipment, and poor living conditions as well as coercive tactics as threats of physical violence, beatings, withholding of food and water, retention of identity documents, wage deductions, and non-contractual compulsory sharing of vessel operational costs. These abuses are particularly prevalent in Taiwan’s distant water fleet.
Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch
Seafood Social Risk Tool Profile
|Evidence identified at the country, seafood-industry, and fishing level in the Taiwan country risk profile.
|Additional civil society organization reports documenting human rights abuses:
2021, Verité, Recruitment and Employment Experiences of Filipino Migrant Fishers in Taiwan’s Tuna Fishing Sector: An Exploratory Study
2020, Global Labor Justice - International Labor Rights Forum, Labor Abuse in Taiwan’s Seafood Industry & Local Advocacy for Reform
2020, Greenpeace, Policy Briefing: Why the Department of Labor Must Put Taiwan-caught Tuna on its List of Goods Produced by Forced Labor
2020, Greenpeace, Choppy Waters – Forced Labor and Illegal Fishing in Taiwan’s Distant Water Fisheries
2020, Environmental Justice Foundation, Illegal fishing and human rights abuses in the Taiwanese fishing fleet
2019, Environmental Justice Foundation, Blood and Water
2018, Greenpeace, Misery at Sea: Human suffering in Taiwan’s distant water fishing fleets
|Flag of Convenience (International Transport Workers Federation)
|Flags of Convenience are connected to the occurrence of human trafficking and forced labor in fishing. Vessels registered to Flag of Convenience states may lack a legitimate connection to the flag state and may be subject to less rigorous management and oversight by the flag state.
|Active yellow or red card for failing to tackle illegal fishing (European Union)
|The European Union gives countries yellow and red cards for failing in their requirements under international law to take action against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. There is evidence linking IUU fishing to an increased risk of human trafficking and forced labor on board fishing vessels.
|Failure to ratify key treaties and international labor conventions
Ratifying key treaties and international labor conventions indicates a country’s commitment to uphold international standards.